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Bee hypersensitivity

Bee hypersensitivity

What is a bee hypersensitivity?


There are four different types of hypersensitivity in dogs (Type I - Type IV).

An adverse reaction associated with a bee sting is a Type I hypersensitivity. Type I hypersensitivities are mediated by a by IgE (a type of immunoglobulin that is implicated in allergy) responses to foreign antigens such as bee venom. 

A hypersensitivity reaction can vary in severity from mild irritation and swelling to a complete anaphylactic reaction. 

Whilst bees are the most commonly implicated in insect in allergic reactions associated with insects, other insects, including wasps can cause allergic reactions in pets. 

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Who is affected?

Any breed or age of dog can develop a hypersensitivity to bees. 

According to PetSure data (across 2020 calendar year), a hypersensitivity to bees is most prevalent in the following breeds: 

Breed

Prevalence

Boxer

2.30%

Miniature Schnauzer

2.16%

Papillion

1.75%

Dachshund

1.68%

Miniature Dachshund

1.60%

French Bulldog

1.60%

Boston Terrier

1.58%

Australian Silky Terrier

1.54%

Havanese

1.51%

Bichon Frise

1.41%

Prevalence = Total number of unique claiming pets / total number of insured pets across 12-month period. Excludes breeds with less than 500 active pet insurance policies.

Signs of a hypersensitivity to bees

The severity of the allergic reaction depends on the immune systems response, the amount of venom received and the route of exposure to the venom. 

The clinical signs can vary depending on the severity of the reaction. 

Ranging from mild to severe, the clinical signs that can be associated with bee stings are listed below:

Mild: minor irritation or swelling at the site of the bee sting.

Moderate: urticaria (hives), extensive swelling (for example the entire head or leg may become swollen depending on the site of the sting).

Severe Anaphylaxis: Most cases of anaphylaxis will develop quickly after exposure (within 20 minutes), however there are reports of delayed anaphylaxis (typically within 48 hours of exposure). Clinical signs of anaphylaxis include collapse, vomiting, diarrhoea, hypersalivation and pale gums. 

Regardless of the severity of the reaction, prompt evaluation with your veterinarian is recommended. 

Management of bee hypersensitivity 

Treatment will vary depending on the severity of the allergic reaction. 

In mild cases, your veterinarian may prescribe oral antihistamines, or they may consider administering injectable antihistamines and/or steroids. 

Anaphylaxis requires immediate veterinary attention and lifesaving intravenous fluid therapy and adrenaline will likely be administered. 

For pets that have severe life-threatening allergic reactions to bees, allergy testing and venom immunotherapy (desensitisation) is recommended. In human adults that undergo venom immunotherapy the risk of a severe reaction is reduced from 60% to less than 10%.1 .Allergy testing and venom immunotherapy is generally performed by a board-certified dermatologist. Your veterinarian will be able to advise if this is the most appropriate treatment for your pet. 

How much does it cost to treat?

According to PetSure claims data in the 2020 calendar year, the average, single treatment cost relating to insect stings was $207 with the highest, single treatment cost being $6,806. 

Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.

Petinsurance.com.au is general insurance issued by the insurer The Hollard Insurance Company Pty Ltd (ABN 78 090 584 473; AFSL 241436) (Hollard); is promoted and distributed by Pet Insurance Pty Ltd (ABN 38 607 160 930; AR 1234944) (PIPL) and PIPL’s authorised distribution partners (including Pet Culture Group Pty Limited ABN: 69 644 613 098; AR 001284860) (PetCulture) and administered by PetSure (Australia) Pty Ltd (ABN 95 075 949 923; AFSL 420183) (PetSure). PIPL and PetCulture are authorised representatives of PetSure. Any advice provided is general only, has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs and may not be right for you. Consequently, before acting on this information, you should consider the appropriateness of this information having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should obtain and consider the product disclosure statement (PDS) in deciding whether to acquire or continue to hold, Petinsurance.com.au Pet Insurance.

Dr Dani has studied BVSc, BVMS and became a Diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Dermatology in 2013. She has worked in busy dermatology referral practice since 2014 and is the founder of the Veterinary Dermatology Clinic. She is currently the Chief Veterinary Officer for PetSure.

Dani is a proud Pet Parent to Spike, Daisy and Oliver (a trio of Labradors) , Ghost (a Lykoi kitten) and Hobbes (a domestic shorthair cat).

Dani's Pets

Spike
Spike
Ghost
Ghost