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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Royal heritage isn’t all that makes the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel an endearing companion. 

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, “Cavy” or CKCS diverged from the King Charles Spaniel in the 1920’s when an American enthusiast called Roswell Eldridge set out to recreate the dogs that appeared in old images of King Charles II, who reportedly could not be separated from his small spaniels. In 1945 the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was formally recorded as its own breed, separate from the King Charles Spaniel. 

They are a small breed dog and their size ranges from 30 to 33cm tall and weighing from 5.5 and 8 kgs with females tending to be a bit smaller than males. 

There are four recognised colours including Blenheim, named after Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, England which is chestnut and white; tricolour, black and tan and ruby.

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Dog Breed Facts & Characteristics

Origin

United Kingdom

Bred for

Companion 

Size 

Small, 30 to 33 cm, 5.5 and 8 kgs

Weight Range

5.5 and 8 kgs

Colours

Chestnut & white (Blenheim), tricolour, black and tan and ruby (red) 

Life expectancy

9 to 14 years 

Coat

Medium – long, sheds hair 

Temperament 

Friendly, playful 

Exercise requirements

Medium, needs daily exercise 

Best suited for 

Families, couples, retirees 

Apartment Friendly

Yes 

Personality

Bred as a companion, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a friendly and active little dog. They are well suited to apartment living, but daily exercise is vital as they tend to become overweight easily. Also, early socialisation and training with other dogs, people and animals is important to ensure good manners later in life.

Popular with families for their good-natured disposition, they will generally get along well with other pets.

Grooming

Their coats are medium to long and may be wavy. Regular brushing with a brush is needed to keep their coats in top condition. Their feet are quite hairy too, so regular trimming may be required. With floppy, hairy ears, regular ear care including ear cleaning is needed to help avoid ear infections.

Feeding

When choosing a food for your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, select a premium food appropriate to your dog’s age and life stage. As Cavy’s can become overweight quite easily, ensure that you follow the recommended feeding guides on the food appropriate to your pet's size. A calorie restricted diet could be a good choice if your Cavy is overweight. Make sure your Cavalier always has a supply of fresh, clean water available.

Common health concerns 

According to PetSure data, in 2019 the five most common reasons for a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel to visit the vet (excluding routine care visits) according to PetSure data in were:

Rank

Condition

Average cost for single treatment
(average pet insurance claim amount)

Highest cost for single treatment (highest pet insurance claim seen for this condition)

1

Heart Conditions

$233

$5,286

2

Ear Conditions (infection, allergy)

$163

$3,149

3

Skin Conditions (Infection, allergy)

$163

$2,294

4

Gastrointestinal Condition (vomiting, diarrhoea etc)

$288

$4,112

5

Eye Condition

$146

$2,759

Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.

It is not uncommon for Cavaliers to develop Mitral Valve Disease, where the mitral value in the heart degenerates, eventually causing heart failure. 

With their big, wide eyes, Cavy’s are also prone to eye injuries, as well as other eye problems including “dry eye” (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), and cataracts. 

Most popular Cavalier King Charles Spaniel names

In 2019, the most popular Cavalier King Charles Spaniel names according to PetSure data were

Most popular names

  1. Charlie
  2. Archie
  3. Ruby
  4. Ollie
  5. Louie
  6. Daisy
  7. Lola
  8. Luna
  9. Buddy
  10. Alfie

Most popular female names  

  1. Ruby 
  2. Daisy 
  3. Lola 
  4. Luna
  5. Bella
  6. Chloe
  7. Lucy
  8. Mia
  9. Millie
  10. Willow

Most popular male names 

  1. Charlie
  2. Archie
  3. Ollie
  4. Louie
  5. Buddy
  6. George
  7. Louis 
  8. Alfie
  9. Oscar
  10. Winston

Did you know?

In a decree that still exists in England today by King Charles II, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels could not be denied entrance to buildings including the Houses of Parliament.

Where can I get a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel?

Check out your local breed specific rescue organisation. Also be sure to visit your local pet rescue shelters where you might just find your new best friend! 

References

  1. American Kennel Club, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Accessed on 15.10.20
  2. Wikipedia, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Accessed on 15.10.20
  3. Wikipedia, Blenheim Palace, Accessed on 15.10.20

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Kylie Mitchell is a veterinarian with over 17 years experience in animal health and welfare, including in the veterinary and pet insurance industries

She has three rescue cats (Noah, Bei Bei and Meeka), four very old cockatiels and a pond-full of fish.

Kylie's pets

Noah
Noah
Bei Bei
Bei Bei
Meeka
Meeka