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They come in two different sizes, three different coat types and they’re long like a sausage. We’re talking about Dachshunds of course. 

With a name like Dachshund, its no surprise that these much loved and unique looking dogs have their origins in Germany. 

Believe it or not, the Dachshund is a working dog, a bold hunter who could get into the burrows of badgers and foxes. The miniature was bred with the smaller burrows of European hares in mind. 

The standard Dachshund is a small to medium dog weighing up to 15 kgs and is up to 23cm tall. The miniature should be under 5 kgs and up to 15cm tall.


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Dog Breed Facts & Characteristics


Germany, 16th century  

Bred for

Working dog, bred for hunting 


Standard 7 to 15 kgs up to 23cm tall

Miniature under 5 kgs, up to 15cm tall

Weight Range

Standard 7 to 15 kgs

Miniature under 5 kgs


Black and tan, blue and ta, fawn and tan, dapple, brindle, sable, piebald, red, cream, grey

Life expectancy

12 to 16 years  


Smooth – short and shiny

Longhair – wavy, requires daily brushing

Wirehair – short wiry coat, with scruffy eyebrows and beard


Independent, intelligent, stubborn, playful  

Exercise requirements


Best suited for 

Active singles, families, elderly 

Apartment Friendly



The working origins of the Dachshund make for an intelligent and independent little dog, who often has the confidence you would expect from a bigger dog. The hunting instinct is strong in some individuals so exercise caution when mixing them with other small animals. Dachshunds may be suitable for apartment living but bear in mind that they are an active little hunting dog and have surprisingly big voices that they aren’t afraid to use. They also have a stubborn and independent streak, so may be better suited to experienced dog owners.  

Although they have short legs, they still value exercise and are quite an energetic dog. Exercise should be encouraged as becoming overweight must be avoided in the Dachshund to help prevent debilitating spinal problems. 


Dachshunds come in three different coat types - smooth, long and wirehair. The smooth coat is a very short, soft and shiny coat and requires minimal grooming. The long hair is a wavy coat that can become matted. The wirehaired variation has a short and wiry coat with scruffy eyebrows and a beard. Regardless of the type of coat, brushing two to three times a week will keep the hair lustrous, matt free and remove debris like grass seeds from the coat. Prevent parasites by ensuring your Dachshund is on flea and tick control all year round.


When choosing a food for your Dachshund, select a premium food appropriate to your dog’s age and life stage. Help your Dachshund avoid becoming overweight by ensuring that you follow the recommended feeding guides on the food appropriate to your pet's size. A calorie restricted diet could be a good choice if your Dachshund is overweight. Make sure your dog always has a supply of fresh, clean water available.

Common health concerns 

Dachshunds are highly susceptible to Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). This painful degenerative condition of the spine can cause debilitating and life-threatening paralysis. Obesity accelerates this condition, so keeping Dachshunds lean is very important for their health and happiness. Dachshunds are also prone to issues with their legs due to their short stature, including patella luxation and angular limb deformities. 

The five most common reasons for Dachshunds to visit the vet (excluding routine care visits) according to PetSure data (from 2019) include:



Average cost for single treatment
(average pet insurance claim amount)

Highest cost for single treatment (highest pet insurance claim seen for this condition)


Skin condition (infection, allergy etc)




Gastrointestinal tract conditions 




Intervertebral disc disease




Foreign body/toxin ingestion




Ear conditions (infection, allergy etc)



Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.

Most popular Miniature Dachshund names

According to PetSure data in 2019 the most popular Miniature Dachshund names were:

Most popular names

  1. Ruby
  2. Luna
  3. Archie
  4. Charlie
  5. Dusty
  6. Bella
  7. Frankie
  8. Jack
  9. Blue
  10. Nala

Most popular female names  

  1. Ruby
  2. Luna
  3. Bella
  4. Nala
  5. Tilly
  6. Frankie
  7. Daisy
  8. Evie
  9. Maggie
  10. Milly 

Most popular male names 

  1. Archie
  2. Charlie
  3. Dusty
  4. Jack
  5. Blue
  6. Diesel
  7. Rusty
  8. Toby
  9. Banjo
  10. Bear

Did you know?

Dachshund literally means “badger hound” in German. 

Where can I get a Dachshund?

Check out your local breed specific rescue organisation. Also be sure to visit your local pet rescue shelters where you might just find your new best friend! 


    1. Wikipedia, Miniature Dachshund, Accessed on 28 October  2020
    2. Wikipedia, Dachshund, Accessed on 28 October  2020
    3. American Kennel Club, About the Dachshund, Accessed on 28 October 2020

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Kylie Mitchell is a veterinarian with over 17 years experience in animal health and welfare, including in the veterinary and pet insurance industries

She has three rescue cats (Noah, Bei Bei and Meeka), four very old cockatiels and a pond-full of fish.

Kylie's pets

Bei Bei
Bei Bei