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With a mane (and heart!) like a lion, the tiny Pomeranian is an energetic and intelligent addition to the family. 

The Pomeranian originated in Central Europe in a region then known as Pomerania. Thought to have descended from the German Spitz they were bred primarily as companions. They were even bred by Queen Victoria, who is reported to have been responsible for breeding Poms to the small size they are today. 

As a toy breed, they range in size from around 1.4 to 3.2kgs and are around 18 to 30cm tall, with a life expectancy of up to 16 years.


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Dog Breed Facts & Characteristics


Pomerania (central Europe) 

Bred for



“Toy” size weight 1.4 to 3.2kgs, Height 18 to 30cm 

Weight Range

1.4 to 3.2kgs


All dog colours and patterns

Life expectancy

12 to 16 years  


Long and thick


Playful, protective, energetic

Exercise requirements

Low (due to small size) 

Best suited for 

Childless households, or families with older children

Apartment Friendly

Yes, but do tend to bark  


Pomeranians are intelligent and energetic. While they are generally friendly, they are also known for becoming defensive if they feel threatened. They do tend to bark and may become aggressive. Socialising with other people, pets and dogs from a young age is extremely important. For this reason and their small size and delicate bodies they may be better suited to households without children or families with older children. They can do well living in apartments provided they are given plenty of walks, play time and enrichment at home but bear in mind that they may bark. Exercise is just as important for Pomeranians as for bigger dogs to help avoid obesity. 


The long, thick coat of the Pomeranian needs brushing several times a week. Make sure your Pomeranians nails are not left to overgrow as this can become uncomfortable and makes it more difficult to trim them later. Prevent parasites by ensuring your Pomeranian is on flea and tick control all year round.


When choosing a food for your Pomeranian, select a premium food appropriate to your dog’s age and life stage. Get your Pomeranian used to eating biscuits from a young age to help encourage chewing and good dental health. Ensure that you follow the recommended feeding guides on the food appropriate to your pet's size. Make sure your dog always has a supply of fresh, clean water available.

Common health concerns 

Patella luxation is a condition where the patella, or kneecap luxates or slips out of place. This condition occurs in many small breeds of dogs, and the Pomeranian is no exception. 

The five most common reasons for a Pomeranian to visit the vet (excluding routine care visits) according to PetSure data (from 2019) include:



Average cost for single treatment
(average pet insurance claim amount)

Highest cost for single treatment (highest pet insurance claim seen for this condition)


Gastrointestinal problems




Patella luxation




Skin conditions (allergies, infections)




Respiratory problems (bronchitis, infections, pneumonia)




Heart conditions (mitral valve disease, heart failure, heart murmur) 



Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.

Most popular Pomeranian names

Most popular names

  1. Coco
  2. Teddy
  3. Luna
  4. Milo
  5. Bella
  6. Nala
  7. Bear
  8. Loki
  9. Simba
  10. Archie

Most popular female names  

  1. Coco
  2. Luna
  3. Bella
  4. Nala
  5. Gigi
  6. Missy
  7. Daisy
  8. Honey
  9. Lulu
  10. Millie

Most popular male names 

  1. Teddy
  2. Milo
  3. Loki
  4. Bear
  5. Coco
  6. Simba
  7. Louis
  8. Monty 
  9. Scooby
  10. Archie

Did you know?

When the Titanic sank in 2012, there were only three canine survivors out of at least one dozen dogs onboard. Two of those survivors were Pomeranians. Their survival is attributed at least in part to their small size, which meant they were able to be snuck on to the lifeboats. 

Where can I get a Pomeranian?

Check out your local breed specific rescue organisation. Also be sure to visit your local pet rescue shelters where you might just find your new best friend! 


  1. Dogtime.com, Pomeranian, Accessed on 17/11/2020
  2. Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Pomeranian Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits, Accessed on 17/11/20
  3. Wikipedia, Pomeranian (dog), Accessed on 3/11/2020
  4. McLendon, R, 2017, Treehugger, Remembering the Dogs of the Titanic, 5 June 2017, Accessed on 17/11/20

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Kylie Mitchell is a veterinarian with over 17 years experience in animal health and welfare, including in the veterinary and pet insurance industries

She has three rescue cats (Noah, Bei Bei and Meeka), four very old cockatiels and a pond-full of fish.

Kylie's pets

Bei Bei
Bei Bei