Skip to Main Content

Skipped to Main Content

Scottish Fold Cat

Published on 1 Jun 2021

Scottish Fold kitten laying on wheatish couch.

The Scottish Fold breed arose from a Scottish barn cat in the 1960’s. Susie the barn cat had distinctive folded ears, and when she had kittens, two of them were born with the same fold. 

Local cat fanciers were impressed and started a breeding program. Despite Suzie’s untimely death by car, all Scottish Fold cat’s ancestry can be traced back to her. It wasn’t all good for the Scottish Fold, however. The mutation that leads to their folded ears is also affects other cartilage in the body and some cats had deformities in the tail and legs. Cartilage issues plague the breed to this day. 

Despite their name, Scottish Folds don’t all have folded ears! Kittens are born with straight ears and as they grow some individuals’ ears fold, but others don’t. 

Scottish Folds are a rather round cat ranging in size from 4 to 7kgs, with short legs. Males are typically a little larger than females. They come in all cat colours including black, white, cream, red silver, brown, cameo, tortoiseshell, and combinations of these colours. Their life expectancy is around 11 to 15 years.

OriginScotland, 1960’s 
Also known as Highland Fold, Scottish Fold Longhair, Longhair Fold, Coupari
SizeAverage; 4 to 7kgs 
ColoursAny cat colour or combination of colours such as blue, black, white, cream, brown, cameo, tortoiseshell, and patterns.
Life expectancy11 to 15 years
CoatMay have long or short hair that sheds 
Temperament Placid, affectionate, playful 
Activity levelsMedium  
Best suited forAny cat-friendly household, with time to spend with their cat 
Apartment friendlyYes 


The Scottish Fold are famously imperturbable with a quiet and gentle nature. They bond strongly to their families, so leaving them home alone could result in loneliness. That said, they can enjoy the company of other pets if they have been socialised with them from a young age. 

They well suited to apartment living if they have plenty of company and activities. Encouraging play is with suitable toys is essential. Cat trees to climb on will help keep the Scottish Fold nimble. Keeping your Scottish Fold cat indoors or in a cat friendly enclosure helps keep them safe from roads, other cats and snakes as well as helps to keep wildlife safe from your cat.


Scottish Folds have thick, dense fur that sheds, with both short and longhair varieties. They do not need a lot of grooming, but gentle, regular brushing helps to remove shedding fur. A cat grooming glove is a great option for the Scottish Fold cat. Make sure your kitty is on flea and tick control to prevent parasites.


When choosing a food for your Scottish Fold, select a premium food appropriate to your cats age and life stage. As Scottish Fold are known to have digestive problems, consider foods for sensitive stomachs. Ensure that you follow the recommended feeding guides on the food appropriate to your pet's size to help avoid obesity and ensure your fur baby gets appropriate nutrition. Always ensure your Scottish Fold has a constant supply of fresh water available, and consider providing them with a water fountain, as many cats prefer drinking moving water.

Scottish fold cat relaxing at home.

Common health concerns 

The five most common reasons for a Scottish Fold to visit the vet (excluding routine care visits) according to PetSure data from the 2020 calendar year included digestive upsets, traumatic accidents, and arthritis. The high prevalence of osteoarthritis is very likely due to the mutation that causes their folded ears which affects the cartilage throughout their body.

RankConditionAverage cost for single treatment
(average pet insurance claim amount)
Highest cost for single treatment (highest pet insurance claim seen for this condition)
1Eye conditions, including conjunctivitis and corneal ulcers $207$4,003
2Foreign body or toxin ingestion$691$2,7660
3Traumatic accidents, including broken bones and bite injuries$282$1,795
4Gastrointestinal disease, including gastritis$223$957
5Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Joint Disease) $131$810

Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.


Scottish fold grey cat in green grass

Most popular Scottish Fold names, PetSure data 2020

Most popular names 

  1. Luna
  2. Frankie
  3. Charlie
  4. Coco
  5. Archie 
  6. Daisy
  7. Milo
  8. Teddy
  9. Bella
  10. Bailey

Most popular female names  

  1. Luna
  2. Daisy
  3. Coco
  4. Bella
  5. Franie
  6. Lola
  7. Nala
  8. Ruby
  9. Molly
  10. Willow

Most popular male names

  1. Archie 
  2. Charlie
  3. Milo
  4. Teddy
  5. Alfie
  6. Ollie
  7. Max 
  8. Winston
  9. Leo
  10. Bailey

Did you know?

Scottish fold osteodystrophy or Osteochondrodysplasia is the disease that affects the cartilage of Scottish fold cats. It is the same genetic mutation which causes the characteristic folded ears. It causes painful lameness and abnormal bone shapes in affected cats. The way to stop this painful condition is by ending breeding of cats with folded ears. 

Where can I get a Scottish Fold?

If you are looking for a fantastic feline companion, shelters regularly have many beautiful cats looking for loving homes. Check out your local animal shelter or rescue organisation where you will very likely find your perfect kitten or cat! 


  1. Cat Fanciers Association, The Scottish Fold, Accessed on 12/01/2021
  2. Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, Genetic Welfare Problems of Companion Animals, Accessed on 01/06/2021
  3. Wikipedia, Scottish Fold, Accessed on 12/01/2021 is general insurance issued by the insurer The Hollard Insurance Company Pty Ltd (ABN 78 090 584 473; AFSL 241436) (Hollard); is promoted and distributed by Pet Insurance Pty Ltd (ABN 38 607 160 930; AR 1234944) (PIPL) and PIPL’s authorised distribution partners (including Pet Culture Group Pty Limited ABN: 69 644 613 098; AR 001284860) (PetCulture) and administered by PetSure (Australia) Pty Ltd (ABN 95 075 949 923; AFSL 420183) (PetSure). PIPL and PetCulture are authorised representatives of PetSure. Any advice provided is general only, has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs and may not be right for you. Consequently, before acting on this information, you should consider the appropriateness of this information having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should obtain and consider the product disclosure statement (PDS) in deciding whether to acquire or continue to hold, Pet Insurance.

Kylie Mitchell

Kylie Mitchell


Kylie Mitchell is a veterinarian with over 17 years experience in animal health and welfare, including in the veterinary and pet insurance industries

She has three rescue cats (Noah, Bei Bei and Meeka), four very old cockatiels and a pond-full of fish.

Kylie Mitchell's Pets

  • MeekaMeeka
  • Bei BeiBei Bei
  • NoahNoah

Sign up to our newsletter

For exclusive offers and promotions, the latest expert pet advice and 15% off your next order!

We care about keeping your personal data safe. View our Privacy Policy here to learn more.