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Siamese Cat

Published on 28 Apr 2021

Portrait lovely Siamese cat with spring peonies indoors.

Long, sleek and talkative, the Siamese is an unmistakable cat and a wonderful addition to the family. 

The beautiful Siamese cat originated in Thailand, formerly known as Siam and has history dating back to the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which existed in Thailand from 1350 to 1767 AD. 

Selective breeding particularly in the 1950’s and 1960’s lead to the lithe and slender Siamese cat we know today. They have characteristic coloured points and brilliant blue eyes. The point colours are typically brown, blue, chocolate, lilac, red and cream.

Cat Breed Facts & Characteristics


Thailand, 1800’s  


20 to 30cms, 3 to 5.5kgs

Weight Range

3 to 5.5kgs


Points – Seal, chocolate, blue, lilac, red, fawn, cinnamon

Life expectancy

8 to 12 years 


Soft and short, minimal grooming required 


Vocal, affectionate, intelligent

Exercise requirements

Medium, enjoy playing, very sociable

Best suited for 

Households with time to give them plenty of company

Apartment Friendly



If there was ever a cat with something to say, it’s the Siamese. They have a distinctive voice and they aren’t afraid to use it! Bear this in mind if you prefer a quiet companion or live in an apartment complex. Siamese cats also thrive on attention and make engaging family members but may get lonely if you aren’t home often. Playing and climbing are pastimes that Siamese cats love well into adulthood, so make sure you’ve got plenty of cat toys available and get ready to enjoy play time with your Siamese. 


The coat is short and easy to maintain. They don’t need a lot of grooming, but gentle, regular brushing helps to remove shedding fur as well as helps you to bond with your cat. A cat grooming glove is a great option for your Siamese cat. You may not notice your cat scratching like you would with a dog, but the cat flea "Ctenocephalides felis" is the most common flea found on both dogs and cats. So, make sure your kitty is on flea and tick control all year round to prevent these nasty parasites. 


When choosing a food for your Siamese, select a premium food appropriate to your cats age and life stage. Siamese cats can sometimes have urinary tract issues, and gastrointestinal issues. Consider a sensitive stomach food or a food that promotes urinary tract health. Ensure that you follow the recommended feeding guides on the food appropriate to your pet's size to help avoid obesity and ensure your fur baby gets appropriate nutrition. Always ensure your Siamese cat has a constant supply of fresh water available and consider providing them with a water fountain, as many cats prefer to drink moving water.

Two Lovely Siamese cats enjoy the sun while lying near the window in the house.

Common Health Concerns 

Most common pet insurance claims for this breed, (PetSure data, 2020*)

RankConditionAverage cost for single treatment
(average pet insurance claim amount)
Highest cost for single treatment (highest pet insurance claim seen for this condition)
1Kidney disease$223$1,086
2Traumatic accidents, including cat fight abscess and broken bones $558$7,900
3Gastrointestinal problems, including vomiting and diarrhoea$288$1,710
4Respiratory tract problems, including Feline Allergic Airway Disease (FAAD), and rhinitis$342$5,044
5Constipation, obstipation, and megacolon$221$2,365

Siamese cats are thought to have a higher risk of developing cancer. The above data supports this, as cancer was the most common reason for a Siamese cat to visit in 2020 according to PetSure. 

Traumatic accidents ranked in position 2 in the five top reasons why Siamese cats visit the vet. It may be possible to help your Siamese cat avoid outdoor accidents by keeping them indoors or in a suitable cat friendly enclosure. 

Disclaimer: Reimbursement for these claims would be subject to limits, such as annual benefit limits or sub-limits, benefit percentage, applicable waiting periods and any applicable excess. Cover is subject to the policy terms and conditions. You should consider the relevant Product Disclosure Statement or policy wording available from the relevant provider.


Sleepy Long-Haired Siamese Cat

Most popular Siamese names

Most common names

  1. Bluey
  2. Joey
  3. Khaleesi
  4. Luna
  5. Apollo
  6. Atticus
  7. Bailey
  8. Bambi
  9. Belle
  10. Billie

Most common female names

  1. Khaleesi
  2. Luna
  3. Belle
  4. Billie
  5. Bingo
  6. Chilli
  7. Coco
  8. Ellie
  9. Evie
  10. Ivy

Most common male names

  1. Bluey
  2. Apollo
  3. Atticus
  4. Bailey
  5. Bambi
  6. Billy
  7. Byron
  8. Eric
  9. Felix
  10. Henry

Did you know?

There is a naturally occurring long haired variant of the Siamese cat, which is called the Balinese

Where can I get a Siamese cat?

Your local animal shelter or rescue organisation is the best place to look for a cat as shelters generally have many cats looking for loving homes. It may be possible to find a Siamese cat through a breed specific rescue. 


  1. The Cat Fanciers Association, The Siamese, Accessed on 29/10/20
  2. Wikipedia, Siamese cat, Accessed on 29/10/20
  3. Wikipedia, Ayutthaya Kingdom, Accessed on 29/10/20 is general insurance issued by the insurer The Hollard Insurance Company Pty Ltd (ABN 78 090 584 473; AFSL 241436) (Hollard); is promoted and distributed by Pet Insurance Pty Ltd (ABN 38 607 160 930; AR 1234944) (PIPL) and PIPL’s authorised distribution partners (including Pet Culture Group Pty Limited ABN: 69 644 613 098; AR 001284860) (PetCulture) and administered by PetSure (Australia) Pty Ltd (ABN 95 075 949 923; AFSL 420183) (PetSure). PIPL and PetCulture are authorised representatives of PetSure. Any advice provided is general only, has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs and may not be right for you. Consequently, before acting on this information, you should consider the appropriateness of this information having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. You should obtain and consider the product disclosure statement (PDS) in deciding whether to acquire or continue to hold, Pet Insurance.

Kylie Mitchell

Kylie Mitchell


Kylie Mitchell is a veterinarian with over 17 years experience in animal health and welfare, including in the veterinary and pet insurance industries

She has three rescue cats (Noah, Bei Bei and Meeka), four very old cockatiels and a pond-full of fish.

Kylie Mitchell's Pets

  • MeekaMeeka
  • Bei BeiBei Bei
  • NoahNoah

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